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 Longjing Tea Plantation
 

Longjing (Dragon Well) Tea is most famous for its unique fragrance and flavor; flat, slender strips of tea leaves in bright green liquid. Furthermore, Longjing tea aids one's health in many ways regardless of your age. It is used to deter food poisoning, refresh the body, stop cavities, fight viruses, control high blood pressure, lower the blood sugar level, and to prevent cancer. Hence, Longjing tea is regarded as the elixir for health and is widely sold and accepted all over the world. The name Longjing is from a small village on the Fenghuang Hill, in Hangzhou Zhengjiang Province. It is said that residents in ancient times believed that a dragon dwelled there and controlled the rainfall. As a result, people went there from all the surrounding areas whenever there was a drought to pray for rainfall, from as early as the Three Kingdoms Period (221-280).

Longjing tea is grown in the Longjing mountain area of Hangzhou, southwest of the West Lake. The fertile land is both rich in phosphorus and sub-acidic sand. This region prevents the cold current from the north and holds back the warm current from the south, thus the growing area of Longjing tea can be coated by cloud and mist for long periods of time. With such favorable growing conditions, needless to say, Longjing tea is considered the best tea in China.Longjing Tea has been praised as "the Queen among Green Tea". So if you like green tea and interested in tea culture, please do not miss this adorable Longjing Tea Plantation, especially in spring.

Longjing Tea Plantation mainly refers to eight traditional tea gardens  inside the West Lake Scenic Area, such as Longjing(龙井),Manjuelong(满觉陇),Jiuxi(九溪),Wengjiashan(翁家山),Yangmeiling(杨梅岭),Lingyin(灵隐),Maojiabu (茅家埠) and Shuangfeng(双峰), covering almost 240 square hectometer. Just like the West Lake, the Longjing Tea is a refined perfection made by man, nature and culture. It vividly represents the West Lake and adds much beauty for the scenery surrounds it. Now, this plantation is an important production base for Longjing Tea cultivation in Hangzhou, which provides high quality Longjing and becomes a state's tea gift.

A farmer is taking care of his tea bushes
In the Longjing Tea Plantation, tea plants distribute among everywhere. Some form beautiful tea terrace and some are well-spaced on the flat ground at the sides of streams.With superior natural environment, suitable climate and appropriate soil, Longjing Tea Plantation produces fresh and organic tea leaves.Together with traditional processing technology, here comes China's best green tea!

The tea has a long history; more than 1000 years. Its earliest record may be found in the book named chajing, the first book on tea in the world, written by the Chinese expert of the Tang Dynasty (618-907), Lu Yu. Longjing tea was not given its name until the Southern Song Dynasty. Hangzhou as the capital of the country carried out further development in tea production. Knowledge of the tea began to spread and became known all over the country by the times of the Yuan and Ming Dynasties.

Especially in the Qing Dynasty, the fame of Longjing tea became widespread throughout the country. One of the most remarkable emperors of the Qing Dynasty, Qianlong, paid four visits to the growing area of Longjing tea, not only to enjoy sipping tea, and to write and sing poems to praise the tea, but also to watch the process of picking and roasting it with serious intent. He was so interested in Longjing tea that he named the eighteen tea trees in front of the Hugong Temple "royal tea". From that time forward, the tea became increasingly popular for everyone.

By the early 20th century, Longjing tea was witnessing its highest popularity in history. The Chinese government has made a great effort to promote it and introduce advanced technology in planting, picking and roasting of the tea since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949. Subsequently, a high quality standards system for tea grading was set up. All these innovations contributed to the standardization of the tea production.

According to local custom, the right time for picking the tea leaves is very short. The period between Qing Ming and Grain Rain (from April 5 to 21) each year is generally considered the prime time to get the highest quality Longjing tea. The brewing method we highly recommended is to put a pinch of dry, roasted tea leaves into a porcelain or transparent glass cup and pour hot water at about 85C into the cup. Sip and enjoy!

In conclusion, Longjng tea is famous both because of its good quality, as well as its historical interest and the cultural connotation it has endured. Chinese Longjing tea has not only the value of tea when it is consumed, but it is also the symbol of cultural values of China.

Now it is a resort to taste tea for leisure. A trip to the village of Longjing is a 30 minute cycle ride and most of the hotels in Hangzhou have bikes for hire. Tea terraces rise up on either side of the village and it's an interesting area to walk around and watch the locals at work. So many places here have tea for sale and it is hard to recommend which type or flavor is the best. Prices for the tea range from RMB500 for one kilo to RMB1,000 per kilo. But you can buy a nice tea for between RMB500 and RMB2000.

Hangzhou is famous for three things: its water, its fertile and picturesque countryside, and ancient tradition. All three combine in a perfectly brewed cup of Longjing tea (Lóngjǐng chá, 龙井茶).

Ideally made with water straight from the Dragon Well (Lóngjǐng, 龙井) and leaves picked from the terraces of the Longjing Tea Plantation (Lóngjǐng Wèn Chá, 龙井问茶), a cup of this delicate green tea connects you with some two thousand years of history, going back to the second century AD when Dragon Well water was discovered and combined with green tea leaves, lightly fried to stop the oxidation process and preserve the best of their flavor and nutrients.‘

The spring water's mineral content and cold temperature make it heavier than rain water so that when rain falls, it sits on top of the spring water, creating swirling patterns reminiscent of the image of a traditional Chinese dragon. Tea aficionados swear by the precise mix of water and quality tea, combined at just the right temperature. The results are so pleasing that Hangzhou's Longjing tea was declared an imperial treasure by Qing Dynasty Emperor Kangxi.

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