Location: located between north latitude 3521' - 3731' and east longitude 10741' - 11031' in the middle beaches of the Yellow River, the south of the Loess Plateau; faces the Shanxi province across the Yellow River, borders on the Gansu province in the west yan an map
Neighboring Areas: Shanxi, Henan, Hubei, Sichuan, and Gansu provinces; Ningxia Hui and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Regions
Physical Features: landforms mainly of loess hills; deeply covered with loess
Population: 1.93 million
Urban Population: 390 thousand
Area: 37,029 sq km
Nationalities: Han, Hui, Manchu, Zhuang and Mongolian
History: a history of more than 1300 years; the cradle of Chinese Civilization; set up as a city in 1937, being the capital of Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region; grew into a county in 1949; in 1972; being the famous revolutionary resort in China; used to be the headquarter and general rear during the China's War of Liberation (1945-1949); used to be the location of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party
Climatic Features: warm and dry climate with frost-free period of 150-195 days;
erage Temperature: annual average of 5.9C - 5.7C
Rainfall: average annual of 686.8 mm
Mountains: the Pagoda Hill, Mt. Qingliangshan, Mt. Wanhuashan, Mt. Qiaoshan, Mt. Fenghuangshan
Rivers: the Yellow River, Weihe River, Jinhe River, Luohe River, Yanhe River, Wudinghe River; Jushui River; the Hukou Waterfal
Yan'an - Attractions
Located on the Loess Plateau in North Shaanxi, Yan'an is a famous tourist destination in that region. Its combination of a long history, distinctive culture and a large variety of historical sites and cultural relics provides visitors with the opportunity to see a typical North Shaanxi city with its appealing folk customs.
The tourist attractions in Yan'an largely fall within the following four categories:
Yan'an is recognized as a place changing the destiny of China as during the war times. Before the founding of New China, it used to be the citadel of the CCP for 13 years and consequently has many revolutionary sites and martyrs' cemeteries. There are many sites in the urban area of Yan'an including Wangjiaping Site, Yan'an Revolutionary Memorial Museum, Site of the Former Offices of the CCP Central Committee - Yangjialing, Date Garden - site of the CCP Secretariat, Fenghuang Hill Site, Memorial Hall for Journalism and Publication, etc. To the north is the Wayaobao Site while to the south is the famous Nanniwan. In addition, the northwest Wuqi County boasts that it was the site where, in 1935, the Chinese Red Army ended the Long March.
Yan'an has many historical sites and ancient constructions. It claims to be the birthplace of the Chinese Nation manifested by Huangdi Mausoleum about 170 kilometers (about 106 miles) south of Yan'an. The mausoleum is a memorial to the legendary Huangdi who is considered to be the Chinese first ancestor. You can go there by bus at Yan'an Long-Distance Bus Station on Dongguan Street in the city center. The buses depart every half an hour between 6:50 and 17:20. Or you can hire a car to go there. Generally, the fare is CNY 1 per kilometer and you can negotiate the price with the driver. There are also other attractions such as the Tang Dynasty Wanfeng Pagoda and Fuxian Pagoda to the north of the Huangdi Mausoleum, the Dugong Memorial Temple in the city center and the Zhongshan Grottoes in the north Zichang County.
In recent years, the folk customs and distinctive culture of the Loess Plateau have drawn tourists to Yan'an. The special cave dwellings of Yan'an and various folk art forms have attracted growing numbers of visitors. Consequently, the Yan'an Folk Culture Village, the Ansai Culture and Antiques Museum and the Luochuan Folk Museum become popular among tourists.
Yan'an - Yan'an Pagoda Hill
Yan'an - Site of the Former Offices of the CCP Central Committee - Yangjialing
Huangdi Mausoleum Scenic Spot
Yan'an - Date Garden-site of the CCP Secretariat