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Three Gorges (hongqing to Yichang)

The Yangtze River is famous for its historical sites and enchanting scenic spots. The Three Gorges Cruise is most attractive.

Being famous for a majestic view of the Qutang Gorge, the deep and quite canyon of the Wuxia Gorge and the dangerous torrents and shoals of the Xiling Gorge, the Three Gorges are the fine scenic spots of the worldwide level. Numerous scenic lookouts as the bright jewels adorn the Three Gorges forming a beautiful gallery of landscape. It looks as if a fairyland with the cruise on board along the section of the Yangtze River. A tour of china will be incomplete without a tour of the Yangtze River .

The Yangtze River is the longest river in China as well as the third longest one in the world with the length of 6300 km and over 700 branches .The river basin covers the 1/5 of China's territory. As our mother river, not only does it raise all her children, but also cultivates our colorful culture. From the snowy plateau to the rich Yangtze Delta, she has painted a genuine picture that is worth reading heartedly by everyone. Especially, the Three Gorges, known as the 'Landscape panting ', is at the top of the best 40 tourist attractions. It's natural beauty and culture treasures made it remarkable all over world.  


 Mountain City -Chongqing
Chongqing, located in the southeast of Sichuan Basin, is an important industrial and economic center as well as a transportation point on the upper reach of the Yangtze River. In ancient times it was called 'Ba'. It depends on mountains, so people call it 'Mountain city'. And both in winter and spring, there has always been dense fog here, so it well known as a foggy city with a population of over 30 million, Chongqing is the biggest municipal city in China in terms of population.
118AD, Emperor Zhanxian of the Song Dynasty was first made the prince here, and later crowned as the emperor. To celebrated this  
    Mountain City -Chongqing
happy event ,he gave the city it's present name 'Chongqing' that means 'Double celebrations'. As a famous mountain city, it has glorious night scenery with thousands of lights glistening in the river. In the suburbs, there are scenic spots, such as 'Shiyun Mountain', 'North Hot spring ', ' Fishing Town' and so on. A little far from the city, the remarkable scenic spots are ' Pipa Mountain', ' Futu pass', ' Jinyun Mountain', '4-sides Mountain', 'North and South Hot spring', 'Red rock Village' etc. 
 
 Ghost city-Fengdu
Fengdu is a county, located on the northern bank of the Yangtze river and 172 km away from Chongqing. It got its reputation as the 'Ghost city' for Pingdu Mountain .In the Han Dynasty, two alchemists, named Wang -Fangping and Ying-chengsheng, practiced Taoist teachings here and both later became immortals. Therefore, this place became famous. There are as many as 27 notable mountains and ancient temples. The figures in the hell exactly imitate the lawsuit court, prison penalties in the human word that mirror the Chinese conception of good and ghost, heaven and hell.  
     
 Shibaozhai in Zhongxian
This stocked village stands on the North bank of the Yangtze River and 45 km away from Zhongxian. It's said that Nvwa left a colorful stone here after wending his way to the sky, so there is a isolated mountain peak standing here with the 31 name 'precious stone '. In the Qing Dynasty, local craftsmen built an exquisite 12 -floor attic at the south of the mountain known as one of the eight old building in the world. The whole attic is composed of the stocked gate, the body and the attic. It's 56 meters high with a wooden structure. This building was built first in Wan Li period in Ming Dynasty. Then during the Kangxi and Qianlong period in Qing   
     Dynasty it was decorated. First it had just a floor, meaning ' Ninth Heaven'. The 3 top floors was added in 1956. Shibaozhai is really a ' pearl on the Yangtze'. 
 
 Furong Cave in Fuling
Lotus cave is located at the joint point of Wu River and Lotus River in Wulong County in Fuling city. It's a large limestone cave with the length of 200 metres and the height of 30 to 50 metres. All kinds of sediments formed a exquisitely wrought, white, and glorious inner sight. Visiting this cave, you can get a lot of beneficial scientific knowledge as well as enjoyment of natural beauty.  
    
 Zhangfi Temple in Yuyang
Zhangfi Temple stands in the Fly Phoenix Mountain on the south bank of the Yangtze River. It's 382km away from Chongqing city and faces the other side of Yangtze .In the honor of the remarkable general, Zhangfi, this temple was first built at the end of Shuhan period, then enlarged during the Song , Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties. Therefore, it has history of 1700 years. Facing the Yangtze River and backing the mountain, the temple is splendid. There's a figure of the general in the temple, hundreds of invaluablepaintings and calligraphies and poems of inscriptions handed down from Han and Tang dynasties.  
     
 Qutang Gorge
Qutang Gorge is famous for its grandeur among the Three Gorges. It starts in the west at Fengjie Baidi City and goes to Wu Mountain Dai Stream at the eastern end. The surging water rolls through the river where it is 100 metres wide. On the south bank of Qutang Gorge, there are beautiful sights such as Qutang Stele Wall, Mengliang Ladder, Phoenix Spring, and Rhinoceros-Sees-Moon Peak. On the north bank, there are the Seven Doors, Bellows Gorge and Qutang Old Path.  
 
   Baidi City in Fengjie
The city is located 4km east of Fengjie at the western entrance to the Qutang Gorge, by the junction of the Chaotang and Yangtze Rivers. In ancient times, revered poets such as Libai, Dufu, Liuyuxi and Fangchengdu visited and wrote famous poems during their sojourns here, making Baidi City the "Poem City." There are also many historic sites including Wuhou Ancestral Temple, Observing Star Pavilion and Mengliang Ladder. The legends of "Firing the 700 li long joint battalions" and "Liubei entrusting a son to Kongming," add fame to Baidi City. 
  
 
 Small Three Gorge in Mt. Wushan Daning River
Daning River, once called Wushui, originates from Mt. Daba, at the junction of Sichuan, Hubei and Shanxi Provinces. It flows into the Yangtze River through the western end of Wu Gorge. The meandering path of the Daning River and its soaring peaks form a unique landscape. The small Three Gorges are made up of Longmen Gorge, Bawu Gorge and Dicui Gorge. Although not the main three Gorges of the Yangtze, the beauty of the Small Three Gorges is thought by some to be even more spectacular.  
 
Wu Gorge
It starts from the mouth of Daning River in Wushan County, and ends at the mouth of Guandu in Badong county .The Gorge is full of turns and twists, just likes a beautiful painted corridor. The famous 12 peaks are in this Gorge, and the Goddess Peak is the most elegant one among these.
 Goddess Peak
The most marvelous peak among the 12 peaks in Wushan . the graceful lady-like peak is sure to impress you.
 Shenglong Stream
It rotted in Shenlongjia in Hubei Province. And it's located on the north bank of the Yangtze River. Through Badong County, Shenglong Stream flows into the Yangtze River near the eastern end of Wu Gorge. The stream is 20 km long, and is made up of Parrot Gorge and Dragon Boat Gorge. The sights on the river bank are unique; the gorge is steep and narrow. It’s the best place to drift by boat. Absolutely exciting! While drifting, enjoy the precious wild animals and experience the customs of the Tu ethnic group.
 
The Hometown of Zhaojun in Xiangxi
Zhaojun village lies in the southern suburb of Xiangxi County in Hubei Province. It is said that Princess Wang Zhaojun of the Han Dynasty was born in Zhaojun. There are many well-preserved historical sites relating to the princess here, including Watching River Attic, Dressing Table, and Zhaojun Table. It is well worth a visit to the childhood village of the Han princess who contributed to the uniting of our nationalities. 
 
The Hometown of Zhaojun 
 
Dongting Lake and Yueyang Tower
Yueyang Tower on the shores of Donting Lake is the ideal spot from which to appreciate the scenic beauty of Dongting Lake. Yueyang Tower is well-known as one of the most important sites of interest in Hunan Province.
Legend has it that Yueyang Tower was the inspection tower where Lusu trained the navy of the Wu Kingdom. Many famous Tang Dynasty poets such as Li Bai, Bai Juyi, Dufu, Manghaoran and Liuyuxi visited this area and composed poems which are still popular today.       
 
 Ancient Chibi in Puqi
Ancient Chibi is situated by Mt. Chibi on the southern bank of the Yangtze, 36 km from PuQ ing County in Hubei Province. Here are the remains of an ancient battlefield where the allied forces of Wu and Chu defeated the Cao army in the Three Kingdoms era. The story of the Chibi War is well known even by children today. Places of interest include the Yi River Pavilion, the River View Pavilion, the Wind -praying Terrace and Mountain Golden Imperial .The new - built Chibi war museum has an unique style, where there are sculptures of Zhouyu.There is a popular saying from a folk song in Chibi 'The book reviewers never go to Chibi because even 3-yean-old kids know the Three kingdom'. So the story of the Chibi War in Three-kingdom's Era has been popular in the local area.
 Xiling Gorge
Starting from Xiangxi in the west to Nanjinguan in the east, Xiling Gorge is famed for its winding course, strange rocks, many shoals and whirlpools which have made for treacherous sailing throughout history on this section of the Yangtze. Within Xiling Gorge, attractions are Binshubaojian Gorge, Niuganmafei Gorge and Dengying Gorge. 
 Sanyou Cave
Located in Xiling Gorge, the Three Visiting Cave has breathtaking scenery. Three Tang Dynasty poets, Baijuyi, his brother BaiXinjian and Yuansi, visited this cave and composed poetry while drinking there. Sanyou Cave received its name when Baijuyi composed the poem Three Visiting Cave, which he wrote on the wall. Later, three Song Dynasty poets, Suxun, Sushi and Suzhe also visited and composed poems on the cave walls. Facing a valley with steep precipices, the cave is over 6 metres high, 30 metres deep and 20 metres wide. There are numerous small holes between the walls of the cave so it is also known as "Celestial Cave" or "Dreamland"


 Yichang
Called Yiling in ancient times, Yichang is an old, yet developing city. It is the largest hydroelectric building base in China as well as the economic and cultural center of western Hubei and eastern Sichuan provinces. A number of tourist attractions include the Three Visiting Cave, hometown of Quyuan and Zhaojun and the Gezhou Dam. In addition, the miniature trees and painted pottery of Yichang are enchanting. 
 Jingzhou
Located on the northern bank of the Yangtze River within the area of Jiangling Jingzhou City, Hubei Province, Jingzhou is an historical cultural city and a well-known tourist attraction. There is a poetic saying that "If you want to know something about the Three Kingdoms Era, you should go to Jingzhou. Referring to Jingzhou, people may recall two stories about the Three Kingdoms Era --- "Liubei borrowed Jingzhou" and "Guanyu lost Jingzhou due to carelessness."  Strategically located between Hangai in the north and the Southern Sea to the west.Jingzhou was a site often contested in ancient battles, as well as a favored gathering place for literary scholars and academics.  
   
The Three Gorges Water Conservancy Project
The Yangtze River Three Gorges conservancy project is situated in Sanmenping within the area of Xiling Gorge. The main building is made up of three parts: the dam, the hydroelectric station workshop and the building of river navigation. The Three Gorges project is running according to well-made plans; once completed, beneficial results will be flood control, generation of electricity, better river navigation and touring possibilities, and cleaner air.
 The Three Gorges Project
The Three gorges Dam, the largest water conservancy project ever undertaken in the world, is now being built at Sandouping in the middle of Xiling Gorge, the longest of the famous Three Gorges.
The three Gorges Dam will be 2335 metres long, 185 metres high, and 18 metres wide on top and 130 metres wide at the bottom. The dam will raise the river to a level of 175 metres above seal level, creating a 600-kilometer long reservoir with a storage capacity of 39.9 billion cubic metres. Extending from the dam - site all the way to Chongqing 570. 000 acres of farmland and towns and villages in 19 counties and cities will be flooded causing 1.3 million people to be relocated.
The construction of the project will cost 230 billion Chinese Yuan, an equivalent of 28 billion US dollars. The purposes for building this huge dam are flood control, electricity, Navigating and irrigation.
The construction of the dam formally began in 1994 . According to the plan, the body or the dam will be completed in 2003 and the fist generator will begin to produce power .The whole construction will be completed in 2009.

Yangtze River Ports & Attractions-Downstream from Chongqing to Yichang  

The first part: from Chongqing to Qutang Gorge

The second part: from Qutang Gorge to Xiling Gorge

The third part: from Xiling Gorge to Yichang

Yangtze River Time Route

 


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