Nanjin Pass (Southern Crossing Pass)
Nanjin Pass is where the Three Gorges end in the east. The surface of the Yangtze River widens abruptly from 300 meters (0.2 mile) to about 2,000 meters (1.2 miles), while the water becomes calm and gentle. Spacious views immediately spread out in front of you while the scenery is quite different.
Erect mountains alongside the pass function as a huge gate blocking the Yangtze River. Being so narrow, the pass is like a slim bottle neck. Nanjin Pass was once an important fortress in ancient times. It is said that Liu Bei (the King of the Shu Kingdom) constructed military fortifications on top of the mountains on the north bank. A huge rock platform is claimed to be where Zhang Fei (general of the Shu Kingdom) trained his army.
Now, because of the Gezhouba Water Conservancy Project, great changes have taken place in Nanjin Pass. A bridge, navigation tower and buildings have replaced part of the dangerous cliffs. Standing on the bridge, the Gezhouba Water Conservancy Project is just within view.
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