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Lugu  Lake

The Lugu Lake is located between Ninglang County in Yunnan Province and Yanyuan County in Sichuan Province, 300 kilometers away from Lijiang County. It is a plateau lake with a total area of 52 square kilometers, 2685 meters above sea level. The average depth is 45 meters, the deepest point being 93 meters. The water is very clear. The lake remains an uncontaminated plateau lake.

Among the five islands in the lake, three are in the territory of Yunnan and two in that of Sichuan. Heiwawudao, Ligedao are metaphorically called "Three Islands of Ponglai" (Islands of the Immortals). Sitting in the middle of the lake, Heiwawudao Island is also called "the Chieftain Island" because Ashaoyun, the chieftain of Yongning, built his villa on the island in the Guangxu period of the Qing dynasty. Rock, an American scientist, also used to reside on this island. On the south side of the lake stands Liwubidao Island lies at the foot of the Lion Mountain. It is actually a small peninsular formed by the extension of the Lion Mountain into the Lake. A dozen of Mosuo families live on this island so it is possible for the visitors to experience the life on the island and, at the same time, enjoy the beautiful scenery of the lake.

   Around the 48.45-square-kilometers body of water are more than 20 villages, inhabited by the Mosuo people, a branch of the Naxis, who live in log cabins and a matriarchal tribe where property and children belong to the women who run the market and control the purse strings.They refer to their canoes as " mangers for raising pigs " . Legend has it that when the flood came their ancestors, busy feeding the pigs, leaped into the manger and escaped by an ark of their own.

Lugu Lake Mosuo people were referred to as the "mother lake", they, like love, like a mother caring for her. Mosuo people a strong awareness of environmental protection, made a number of rural states: on the lake-week closing hillsides to facilitate afforestation to implement the mountains, the mountains are not allowed logging hunting; the abolition of motor boats, Lake only by artificial wooden paddle; are not allowed to kill the swan lake , ducks and birds; allowed the sewage, manure, waste poured into the lake, therefore, Lugu Lake, Castle Peak today, surrounded by four weeks is really mountains are green, the sky is blue, blue water more transparent.
Introduction
     Famous not only for the Lugu Lake in Yunnan added brilliant luster, Southwest is also one (or a half stars) bright pearl. Sichuan part of the Lugu Lake is located at the junction of Sichuan and Yunnan Yanyuan County, Sichuan Province, Lugu Lake, 258 kilometers away from the Xichang City. She includes the natural landscape and human landscape two categories, especially the human landscape with its unique and rich content, clear and prominent features and far-reaching meaning, in the country and even the world has a unique and irreplaceable, and are thus the precious world cultural heritage and an important conservation value. Her picturesque beauty, time immemorial independence depositors matriarchal legacy of folklore, Christianity's "Noah's Ark", Lamaism morning bell drum night is as pathetic attention to the numerous tourists eyes to this mysterious land.
   Mosuo people were referred to as "Xienami", "mother lake" of the Lugu Lake, Lugu Lake is a scenic natural landscape and an important component of the background, known as the "pearl of the plateau" of. The entire lake, like a horseshoe shape, long from north to south and east-west narrow, gourd-shaped neck, such as music, named Lugu Lake. Lugu Lake area of 58 square kilometers waters, surface altitude 2688 meters, with an average water depth of 45 meters, the most depth of 93.6 meters, visibility up to 12 meters. Lugu Lake scenery beautiful, the scenery changes throughout the year infinite. Beautiful in the spring, green mirror picturesque lake; in the hot summer, here is a cool world, dark green lake; to the fall, golden hills, blue lakes; winter, early, middle and late changeable color. On the same day, Lugu Lake scenic variety and also state, endless changes.
     Lugu Lake on the source, the local civil circulating an ancient, magical legend goddess Gehm, Lugu Lake is the goddess Gehm tears, this was love, tears filled the lake, you understand the story it tries Lake The Mosuo village, on a tour ready "Women's Country" beautiful feeling.

Lugu Lake is 5.2 kilometers wide from east to westwith an average depth of 40 metres. With trough-shaped canoes, crystal- clear waters confined by verdant mountains, the lake has three islands in the middle which are known as the " Fabled Abode of Immortals ". On the lake - side, there are peninsulas, cape, smooth beaches and the old - fashioned Mosuo log cabins. The matriarchal customs of Mosuo people and their friendliness are indeed enchanting.

 
 

The pretty and graceful Mosuo girls, the ancient and natural canoes and the moving and pleasant fishing songs are considered to be the "three most enjoyable things on the lake".

The lugu lake is embraced in green mountains. The best-loved one by the Mosuo people is the Holy Gemu Mountain (the Lion Mountaion). The local people worship it as their Goddess Gemu. On 25th July of each lunar year, they will gather at the foot of the mountain for a great sacrificial rite.

Many cultural sites and scenic spots are scattered along the lakeside. They are Mosuo villages, plateau hot springs, the underground maze-The Lucky Cave, the Chieftain's Palace, the Zhamei Lamaist Temple, Riyuehe - The Ruins of the Yuan Army Quarters when Kublai Khan was on his south - expansion, yongning - the key town on the ancient tea and horse trading route. Many beautiful legends have been circulating among the people.

The Mosuos, a branch of the Naxi nationality with a population of about 15000, are the main ethnic group scattered in the lakeside villages. The Mosuo women wear long hair tied into a bun and red, green and black garments and white folding skirts with colorful sashes tied round their waists. Before 13 years old, they usually wear long gowns. After the initiation ceremony at the age of 13, men wear trousers and women wear skirts.


The Mosuo people have their own ways and customs, still retain some remnants of the matriarchal society. Men and women are not bound by marriage, each living at one's mother's home. Men work at home during the day and spend their night with the women they love in theiv homes. Children are under the care of and supported by their maternal families. Fathers do not live in the same family with their children and women so that they are not bound up with their women financially in their production and life. This unique wedlock values affection and gives more freedom to men and women in their relationships. They may choose to unite or separate at will. It has been considered as the living fossil as a basis for a study of social patterns and matriarchal marriage customs in today' s world.

The Mosuo wooden houses are built with square - deged timber in the style of "jinganshi building", also called Mulengfang (Timber House). The Naxi Villages look graceful and unaffected. The Zhuanshan Festival (the Festival of Turning - around the Mountain) which falls on 25th July of the lunar year is the traditional festival of the Mosuo people. On that day they would dres in their Sunday best to worship the Gemu Goddess Mountain (the Lion Mountain) and pray for the Goddess' protection. It is also a time for horse racing, wrestling and antiphonal sining. The young people take the chance to search for their lovers, whom they call Axia.

      after the arrival of Lugu Lake, can be admitted to the Mosuo people, living together with them to understand the customs and habits Mosuo family; also to visit the last Mosuo Princess toast; boat ride around the Lugu Lake, Lugu appreciate Lake scenery; Lugu Lake is also to visit the island; to Mosuo villages to visit, and Mosuo people chat, let you have much to gain. Evening to participate in the local Mosuo people bonfire party, to make people appreciate the Mosuo people of 10,000 kinds of customs.
     Mosuo people more festive, with an annual Lunar New Year July 25, people have to hold a grand festival, called to Hill section. Hill transferred to the sea is the Mosuo people worship the mountain god and the god of water an important way, the event is the Mosuo people and festivals.
     Lugu Lake villages spread all over the place, local residents mainly Mosuo people. Living in the Lugu Lake Mosuo people, housing is very strange, for generations live in built with logs "Muleng housing" Lane. Housing Muleng wood when kilowatts, generally three-bedroom and a separate screen of the courtyard walls, the house in the center of the stove for the whole family, next to the elderly and the minor children live. Houses have two main central vertical column, left column called "M-chu", the right column called "female-chu." Another two-story building for a room, for the young and middle-aged women and their Abdul (lover) of room.

Fees: CNY 78 for Entrance Charge
CNY 30 for Boat to Liwubi Island
CNY 30 for Boat to Tusi Island
CNY 10 for Admiring the Party
CNY 15 for Visiting a Local Family
Recommended
Time for a Visit:
One day (we suggest you stay 2 nights there, you can visit the local family, enjoy a fire party)

Traffic
     From Sichuan into the Lugu Lake, the road is better, convenient and fast. Tourists from Chengdu by air or by train, first arrived in Xichang. The day until you can ride from the Xichang Lugu Lake. Xichang bus terminal daily direct Lugu Lake (8:40 start, the fare of about 62 yuan).
Food Lodging Shopping
     Lugu Lake to reach the local Mosuo people can be admitted to the middle, Mosuo people hospitality to guests Mosuo people, do not forget to taste special Mosuo people pork, wine Mary Sullivan, Guangdang wine, tastes great.

Touring Activities
1. Walk in the scenic areas.
2. Hike.
3. Take a tram to see the lake and walk on stairs up to a big cave.
4. Try the local cuisine that traditionally features frogs, preserved pork, and lots of meat. There is local brew called Sulima that is like strong wine. It is usually offered to guests.

Traveling Information
Transportation: Presently, the trip on the dirt roads from Lijiang takes about six or eight hours, and people often say the ride is a little scary.
Cash Machines (ATMs): Bring plenty of cash because it may be hard to find an ATM that accepts a tourist’s card.
Altitude: The lake and the surrounding region are at a high altitude of about 2 and a half kilometers or about one and a half miles and higher. You may experience altitude sickness the first two days, so take it easy.
Clothing: The lake is sometimes snowbound in the winter. Bring warm clothes even in the summer.
Best Time to Visit: Unless you like wintry Alpine weather, come when it is warm. The valley is sometimes snowbound in the winter. It is difficult for buses to travel on ice. The rainy season extends from June to September so to avoid the rain, come in May and in the early fall.
Hiking: It is said that the Mosuo are not very friendly to strangers. So if you go hiking away from lake, bear that in mind. It is best to hike with friends.
Nearby Attractions

To experience more of the ancient traditions and culture, visit the higher-altitude Mosuo villages. You can hike out of the valley to other destinations like Yading Nature Reserve. Be careful, because these paths are not usually hiked by tourists. If you get injured, it may be difficult to find medical attention or people who speak your language. Nearby to the south, the area of Tiger Leaping Gorge is a good hiking trail with comfortable inns all along the High Trail. Tiger Leaping Gorge is one of the deepest gorges on earth. The High Trail goes the whole distance.

The Naxi who live around Lijiang and the Tiger Leaping Gorge area are a people similar to the Mosuo and are less primitive. They have an interesting hieroglyphic writing system. To the south of the Naxi region live the Bai people around the Dali valley and the valley of Shaxi. More than a thousand years ago, the powerful empire of the Nanzhao left behind cave grottoes and temple sites in Shaxi and a tall, well-preserved pagoda in the Ancient City of Dali.

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