Badaling Great Wall
The Great Wall is not only the magnum opus of human being but also the soul of China!
The Badaling Great Wall locates the northwest of the Beijing, its position is longitude 116 degrees 65 cents east and latitude 40 degrees 25 cents north, it's a pass of Jundu mountain. It extends in all directions which is the reason it be called Badaling.
The name of Badaling, can be read in the oldest poem "Visit Badaling in the Night" that wrote by Jin dynasty poet LiuYing and :Come out Badaling". In the Yuan Dynasty, it was called as "North mountain pass", which is comparative to the "South mountain pass". The South mountain pass locates in the Changping county, between them is a gorge which extends 20 kilomitres and be called "Juyong Gate", this gorge is called "GuanGou". The Badaling Great Wall locates on the ridge of the northern part of the GuanGou. Here, Two peaks face to face, there is a alley between them two, it's a very strategic place. Look down the JuYong Gate from the Badaling, it looks like a well. The ancients said "The risk of The JuYong Gate is not the Guan city, but the Badaling". Because of the importance of the Badaling, it has being the place that the military fight against for. The Badaling became the martial strongpoint from the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. According to the "Shi Ji" and the work of the archaeologists, we can prove that there is The Great Wall in the Warring States Period in the Badaling. It also consistent with what we can see today. The "Shui Jing Zhu" of North Wei records:"JuYong Gate locates in the JuYong place, there a vertical gorge in the south of it......" So, the experts Badaling is just the Guan Zhi. The name of "JuYong""comes from a story, Long time ago, the Qin Shi Huang force a group of farmers build The Great Wall, and these farmers dwelled in a country, later the country was named Ju Yong country by the Han Wu Di.
1500 years ago, North Wei built a strap of Great Wall in the Badaling. According to the "Wei Shu Shi Zhu Ben Ji", in the 446 year, at Datong, the emperor built the Great Wall whose name is "Sai Wei", The eastern part be in the Badaling and the western part be in bank of The Yellow River. Since to the 555 year, the Great was extended to the sea.
The Badaling Great Wall was rebuilt in the Ming Dynasty.
The Ming Tai Zhu Zhuyuan Zhang understood the importance of the Great Wall, after his ascending the throng, he repaired or rebuilt the Great Wall. Zhuyuan Zhang commanded the general XuDa and FengSheng lead the army to guard on the Great Wall to guard against the force of the Yuan.
1403 year, the 3th emperor of Ming Dynasty ZhuLi ascent the throng. 1420 year, he move the capital from the Nanjing to Beijing. He decided to unify the whole China. 1488 year, he began the vast project of building the Great Wall. Pass through 270 years, The Great Wall was linked one chain. It begins from the Yalu River and end on the Bulongji in the Ganshu province, that is The Great Wall we now refer to. The Ming Great Wall extends more then 7300 kilomitres, passages 7 provinces,citys and municipalitys. Its level of project and recovery extent are both best with the old Great Wall. Now we can say,The Great Wall was built in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period; linked in the Qin Dynasty; perfected in the Ming Dynasty.
The Ming Great Wall, is no longer a simple high wall, but a rigorous recovery system. Ningxia, Shanxi, Shangxi, Heibei all have the parts of the Great Wall. Many Guan citys and short walls were built in this important place,for instance Yanmen Gate etc.
The Badaling is the testimony of the fatal historical events. The first emperor Qinshihuang came back to Xianyang, Xiao queen mother went on a tour of inspection, Yuantaizhu enter the Chian etc. The poems and articles are without number. The great historical dramas about the disputes between nations are also without number. Now these things have been become the history. Age endow The Great Wall with the new meaning and mission. It is a historical monument, which stands tall and upright in mountains, materialize the Chinese civilization and sapiential. It has become the bridge between us and foreign people.It is the Oriental culture inheritance belongs to the whole human being.
After the People's Republic of China coming into existence, 1952 year, Guomoruo associate premier suggested rehab the Great Wall to welcome the visitor that come from domestic and fremdness.
Since the Qing Dynasty, the Badaling Great Wall has been becoming deserted. The city towers to west of Guan city had been destroied severity, the body of the city wall, buttress, wall, fight building etc had been destroied severity too. After the State Department decided to repair it, The Great Wall had been rehabilitated several times.
1961 year, the State Department confirmed the Badaling Great Wall was the significant cultural relic unit to be protected in China. 1984 year, Dengxiaoping called people "Loving our China,repairing our Great Wall". Now The Great Wall is becoming more and more beautiful and gallant. 1986 years, the Great Wall was choosed one scene of the sixteen scenes in Beijing. 1987 year, the U.N. accept it as the "Oriental culture inheritance of the whole world". 1991 year, 1992 year,etc.
The Badaling Great Wall resound in the whole world, it is the first part which open to tourist of the Great Wall. Heretofore. It has welcome tourists more than 130000000. Nixon, Riken, Sarchel, Mikhail Gorbachev, Yilizabor etc, 372 mugwumps visited the Great Wall.
The Badaling Great Wall is the soul of the whole Great Wall, it is welcoming the tourist come from the whole world. The man who has visited The Great Wall are all acclaimed as the peak of perfection
The Badaling Great Wall averages 7.5 meters in height. It is 6.5m wide at the base and 5.8m wide at the top - wide enough for five horses or ten soldiers side by side.
Badaling Great Wall is situated about 10km further north of JuYongGuan Great Wall. They are both sited on the same natural pass through the mountains to the north of Beijing and hence a critical point of defence.
Although popular, Badaling is a good introduction to the Great Wall. Authentically reconstructed, Badaling shows the Great Wall as it would have looked originally, and it does not look too new. Badaling Great Wall stretches for 4.8 km along rolling mountains and has 19 strategically located watchtowers.
Badaling Great Wall has been carefully restored, and in 1957 it was the first section of the Great Wall to open officially to tourists. The immediate area has seen some useful development, including hotels, restaurants and a cable car. A Great Wall Museum has been established near to the wall.
Over 100 million visitors have climbed Badaling Great Wall.
The landscape of Badaling Great Wall changes every season, with numerous scenery to catch your attention. A sunlit and enchanting scene of spring, with the valley covered with greens. When the rain from mountain comes, the vista will look vast and hazy. The sky in autumn is high with unsoiled stratosphere, while the maple forest is dyed in golden colour. White snow covers the whole scene in winter.
The recently completed Badaling Expressway provides a fast and direct route to Badaling from Beijing. Badaling Great Wall is only 65 minutes from Beijing.
You can take coach (bus) 919 from Deshengmen (a little east of JiShuiTan subway station). The price is only 12 yuan each way. The last return journey is about 17:30pm. On arrival, turn right, up the gift shop and cafe lined hill and under the Great Wall itself; the ticket office and entrance is on the right. For the return journey, take the bus from the same bus stop as where you arrived.
The entrance to Badaling Great Wall that you will see close to the bus stop is for the cable car that can take you up about 2/3 of the way to the peak - but that would spoil the fun! Take it down if you're in a hurry for the last bus. If you do miss the last bus, there will be private cars offering to take you. Join with others and try to strike a hard bargain (perhaps 150 yuan total for 2 or three in a car). Alternatively, you can ask to be taken to ChangPing which is halfway to Beijing and from where there are busses into the evening to Beijing (route 345, last bus 22:00).
||CNY 40 (Nov. 1 to Mar. 31)|
CNY 45 (Apr. 1 to Oct. 31)
||06:40 to 18:30|
|Recommended Time for a Visit:
||Two and a half hours|
|Tourist Bus Route:
||Take No. 1 at Front Gate|
Take No. 2 at Beijing Railway Station
Take Lateral No. 2 at the west gate of Beijing History Museum
Take No. 3 at East Bridge
Take No. 4 at Xizhi Gate or Beijing Zoo
Other Surrounding Scenic Spots:
Beijing Private Tour:
Tour Guide Reservation From 65 USD / Day