Changqing Nature Reserve
Changqing Nature Reserve is located in the Qinling Mountains, Shaanxi Province, 300 km south of Xi 'An. The reserve, which reaches elevations of over 3000m, is one of the most important ecological areas in China. It provides one of the best and last remaining places where Giant Pandas, Golden Takin, Golden Monkeys and Crested Ibis can be found in the wild. It is also home to 39 other threatened animals and 31 threatened plants.
Not only does the area offer stunning mountain landscapes and the chance to view wildlife, it also contains a number of cultural sites, including the Han Dynasty Tangluo Trail, remains of ancient temples, shrines and roads.
The whole tourist site covers an area of ten thousand hectares. At present, it has already passed the registration approve of international tourist organization for “Green World 21”, and has joined the organization of “Relationship between Human Beings and Ecosphere in China”. Because of its unique geographical location and ecological environment in forests, the reserve has nourished “ecology resources” with unique and diverse species, especially famous are the “Four National Treasures”---giant panda, golden-haired monkey, takin, and Zhuhuan. In particular, the national treasure giant pandas are densely distributed in the reserve. There are over 100 giant pandas. The possibility of seeing one is over 50%. Brown and white pandas have been found many times. The specific forest vegetation surroundings make the whether in the reserve pleasant, the air fresh, dust scarce, noise low, oxygen and minus ion rich, therefore it is a natural source of oxygen and provides tourists with an ideal place for recreation, summer resort, recuperation and health care. “Sunny days are like rainy days in the vagueness, and summer is like autumn in the coolness”. The views in Changqing Nature Reserve are characterized by its loftiness, coldness, grotesqueness, adventurousness, and picturesqueness, making it a place with unique ecological surroundings. Tourists can see green virgin forests, relaxed giant panda under trees, sparrow singing and flying in the forests, golden-faired monkey swiftly climbing trees, as well as high mountains, meadows, floating fountain, flying waterfall, red leaves in golden autumn, sunrise on the peaks of mountains, boundless mountains and sea of clouds. At present, the reserve has opened three tourist sites, namely, Yang ditch, Cang’er Rock, and Shanwang Temple. Tourists can watch Zhuhuan spreading their wings to fly at the rest house of Huayang Reservation Station at dawn and dusk in spring, summer and autumn. In age-old Huayang town, tourists can see ancient flagstone street with southern Shaanxi characteristics, old drama house, bamboo woods, small bridge, tile house, and so on. In addition, there are relics like the twenty-fifth headquarter during the long march, as well as fascinating legends. Tourist can enjoy natural beauty in the tourist sites and the changing state of plants in subtropical and warm-temperate climatic features, have a rest in pine wood garden, phoenix booth, and etc., see birds like red-abdomen bright and beautiful chicken, pheasant, white-coronal tranquil pheasant, red-mouth blue magpie, yellow-rear bird, green-mouth bird, and so on. Tourists can also view vertical strap of typical forests in southern slop of Qin Mountains, and also the main food of giant panda wooden bamboo in Bashan and arrow bamboo in Qin Mountains with distributional patterns with different altitudes. If you are lucky enough, not only can you see bamboo woods hermit giant panda in the tourist sites, but also various wild animals like strong and vigorous takin.
Changqing Reserve is one of the best places for birding in the Shaanxi Province, and it has 154 species of birds living within its boundaries, 17 of which are endangered. A further 176 species, 13 endangered, are found in the rural area just outside the Reserve. Some species that can be seen in the reserve and surrounding rural landscape include the golden eagle Aquila chrysaetos, golden pheasant Chrysolophus pictus, blood pheasant Ithaginis cruentus, Temminck's tragopan Tragopan temminckii, Chinese bamboo partridge Bambusicola thoracica, sooty tit Aegithalos fuliginosus, vinaceous rosefinch Carpodacus vinaceus, laughing thrushes, parrotbills, collared finchbill Spizixos semitorques, and the crested ibis Nipponia nippon, which can be seen both in the wild at Changqing and at a captive breeding centre in Yangxian County.
In 2004 Changqing Reserve undertook a number of conservation-based community development programs, supported by the World Wildlife Fund (WWF). The Reserve organised community patrol and anti-hunting units, and provided them with uniforms and GPS receivers for increased effectiveness at decreasing poaching. These units patrol the community forest to help conserve the giant panda habitat. In two of the local villages, the Reserve set up grain and medicinal herb process factories. All of the profits from the factories go to the patrol units.
Changqing Reserve has also provided small-scale loans to the community villages to cultivate Manchurian trout and Chinese medicinal herbs. The Reserve has built a clinic and fuel-saving stoves in the local villages. It has also helped the villages around the Reserve to restore bamboo and conifer forests in areas which were previously farmed.
These measures have helped to reduce commercial and illegal logging and hunting by introducing income-generating activities that do not destroy Giant Panda habitat.
The development of Ecotourism will create further employment opportunities within the local communities.
Escape the city, and visit the wilds of Central China, in a place almost untouched by the outside world!
Visiting the reserve also gives you an opportunity to experience life in an authentic Chinese village, where people still live a traditional lifestyle and practice traditional agricultural methods.
We offer small group tours to see the Reserve and all it has to offer. All profits from our tours go to the Bureau of Changqing Nature Reserve, to assist with wildlife conservation and reserve management.
Changqing Reserve only takes very small numbers of people at one time. The Reserve is one place in China where you won't run into thousands of other tourists!
Home to numerous endangered species
Enjoy stunning mountain landscapes
Changqing National Nature Reserve enjoys a moderate climate. Changes in climatic conditions through-out the year can create a dramatic and beautiful transformation in the scenery. These climatic changes also provide the signal for change for many plants and animals, such as cues for migration, breeding, and flowering.
Huayang Village enjoys a moderate climate. Summer temperatures are mild, averaging around 25oC, and the clear mountain air is filled with the sounds of cicadas.
In spring temperatures average around 13oC and the reserve is alive with an abundance of wild flowers!
In autumn the entire mountain side is a vibrant profusion of fluorescent orange, pink and red leaves. Autumn temperatures also average 13oC.
Winters are cool, with average temperatures of around 3oC. Winter is the best time for wildlife viewing, as the wildlife descends the mountains to escape the snow.
The easiest way to get to the reserve is from Xian. Xian is the capital of Shaanxi Province and is well serviced by trains and flights from all major cities in China. From Xian it is a 3 hour bus trip to the town of Yangxian where the Changqing Reserve Bureau is located. We will meet you here and transport you Changqing Reserve and Huayang Village.
For details on bus times from Xian please contact us and we will assist you to book a bus ticket. Alternatively we can organise to meet you in Xian and excort you to Changqing National Nature Reserve from there.
From Chengdu you can fly to Hanzhong which is 40 mins from Yangxian town and our reserve bureau. We will pick you up from Hanzhong airport and escort you to Changqing National Nature Reserve.
You can also catch a bus or overnight train from Chengdu to Hanzhong.
We are more than happy to help you with your travel arrangemnets so please contact us for any advice or questions you may have!
Huayang Scenic Zone, Changqin Nature reserve Zone and five bird watching routes.
Route 1: Huayang ancient town; ( Distance: 10 km to and from)
Route 2: Huayang ancient town; (Distance: 80 km to and from)
Route 3: Huayang ancient town-guanxi town-yangjiawan-gaoyuansi village-guanlinliang-Maopin- Kafang reservoir- hanba Village- Shtahe village- back to Huayang ancient town.( distance; 180 kmto and from)
Route 4: Huayang ancient town; ( Distance: 60 km to and from)
Route 5: Huayang ancient town; ( Distance: 60 km to and from)
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