Picture of Giant Pandas大熊猫
The Giant Panda is one of the most famous animals in the world and indigenous only to China. Wild giant pandas live in six small areas in Sichun, Gansu, and Shaanxi provinces, China and are listed as endangered species. With meek temperament, easy to be approached, round shape, cute action, white and black color, the Giant Panda is favored by most people in the world Panda Facts
The Giant Panda大熊猫 熊猫简介
A Giant Panda reclining peacefully eating bamboo is one of the world's most adored and protected rare animals. Their black-and-white coats and large black patches around the eyes, ears and body are distinctive markings in the bear family and unlike most bears, the giant panda does not hibernate. Their jaw muscles, large molars and round face are an adaptation to a bamboo diet. The Giant Pandas of China are endangered. Panda preservation groups and conservation efforts are working to protect them from possible extinction. In ancient China, pandas were thought to be rare, noble creatures and a sign of goodwill. It was believed to have magical powers that could ward off natural disasters and evil spirits.
The Qinling Mountains秦岭山
Giant Pandas live in mountainous regions of Sichuan, Gansu and Shaanxi provinces of China. They are found in the Qinling Mountains at elevations of 1300–3000m. There are 40 panda reserves in China. An estimated 3,000 pandas live in the wild, 180 live in captivity in China and twenty pandas live outside of China. Improved conservation methods have started to increase population numbers in some areas, even though they still are classified as a rare species.You will find various information about the Giant Panda here and the latest news about them, you will enter into a world filled with the wildlife here, you will realize --the Father Mountain of China, the crude treasury with biology variety——Qinling Mountains.
大熊猫生活在中国四川、甘肃和陕西的山区里，、在海拔1300--3000多米的秦岭山内发现了他们的踪迹，中国一共有40个大熊猫保护区。据估计，一共有3000个熊猫生活在野外，180个生活在圈养中心，20个生活在海外。已经对一些数量增长的地区提高了保护措施。尽管他们一直被列为珍惜物种。你会发现对大熊猫在这里和关于他们的最新消息各种信息，你将进入这里的野生动物充满的世界里，你会发现 - 在中国的南北分界线，与生物品种多种原产地- 秦岭山脉。
Gansu is a province lies between the Tibetan Plateau, Inner Mongolia, and the Loess Plateau. The province contains the geographical center of China and the landscape is flat in the north and The Mountains in the south are part of the Qinling mountain range. Gansu is home to twenty-four rare animals that are under a state protection.
Shaanxi is a province that includes portions of the Loess Plateau on the middle reaches of the Yellow River as well as the Qinling Mountains. The northern part of Shaanxi is cold in the winter and very hot in summer and a subtropical climate south of the Qinling Mountains.
Sichuan is a province that lies in the Sichuan basin and is surrounded by the Himalaya. The climate is often heavily foggy with few sunny days. The Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries are home to more than 30% of the world's highly endangered Giant Pandas. It is among the most important sites for the captive breeding of these pandas.
The Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries…四川大熊猫栖息地
Caopo Nature Reserve 草坡自然保护区
Fengtongzhai Nature Reserve 蜂桶寨自然保护区
Heishui River Nature Reserve 黑水和自然保护区
Laba River Nature Reserve 拉巴河自然保护区
Jintang-Kongyu Nature Reserve 金汤-孔玉自然保护区
Mt. Siguniang Nature Reserve 四姑娘山自然保护区
Wolong Nature Reserve (this base was relocated to the Bifengxia Mountain Park after the earthquake in May, 2008, the current name called Bifengxia Panda Breeding & Research Base. The reconstruction of Wolong Natural Reserve will be finished before 2011.).
Temperate Forests 温带森林
Temperate forests have four distinctive seasons with torrential rains; dense mists and heavy cloud cover throughout much of the year. Found only in China, Giant Pandas are scattered across six mountain ranges of deciduous and evergreen temperate forests.
What is a Coniferous Forest?
Coniferous Forests contain trees that have needles for leaves, such as pines, firs and cedars that are never bare. They have their seeds in cones and they lose their needles gradually.
What is a Deciduous Forest?什么是落叶林
Deciduous Forests contain trees that reduce the amount of green chlorophyll in their leaves, and then turn orange, yellow, red and brown. Falling leaves create thick leaf litter on the forest floor that will become recycled into the soil.
What is a Broad-leaved Forest?什么是阔叶林？
Broad-leaved Forests contain trees that have flat leathery leaves that do not lose all their leaves at once. Their leaves are waxy to keep them from losing too much water and these forests are dry and cool.
Bamboo Bears 竹熊
Pandas eat bamboo almost exclusively. The average Giant Panda spends 10 to 16 hours foraging and eats as much as 20 to 30 pounds of bamboo shoots per day. Although Pandas eat bamboo, they have the digestive system of a carnivore. They do not have the ability to easily digest cellulose and bamboo provides little energy or protein, accounting for their sluggish speed.
The Panda Thumb 熊猫手指
The Giant Panda has an unusual paw, with a "thumb" and five fingers. An elongated and enlarged sesamoid bone sticks out just below the real finger and is covered with a fleshy pad of skin. To hold a piece of bamboo, a panda wraps all five fingers around one side of the stalk and then holds it in place by pushing the wrist bone forward.
Bamboo Gardening 竹苑
Bamboo can range in size from inches to over one hundred feet and it can grow a foot or more a day. There are approximately 1,000 species of bamboo. They are recognizable by their nodes, the joints between the hollow segments of branch or culm.
Bamboo prefers full sun and plenty of water. 竹子需要大量的阳光和水分
Adequate water is required to send out new culms. 有充足的水分才能发出茎
Standing water inhibits the growth of bamboo. 太多的水分也会遗址竹子的生长
Bamboo requires an area that is free from weeds. 竹子需要从杂草中吸取养分
Taller bamboo should be staked, to prevent uprooting. 竹子需要按压，可以防止连根拔起
Mulching controls moisture and provides protection in winter. 叶子的覆盖可以在冬天受到保护
Prune Bamboo annually to remove old or damaged culms. 每年都需修剪和切除损坏的竹茎
Giant Panda Babies 大熊猫仔仔
Baby pandas are born very small and helpless. The father has no part in the raising and the mother is able to care for only one cub at a time. The cubs are able to eat small quantities of bamboo after six months, though mother's milk remains the primary food source for most of the first year. Growth is slow and pandas may not reach maturity until they are five to seven years old. A female panda may have 2-3 cubs in a lifetime, on average.
Panda Mating Season…熊猫繁殖季节
The pollution and destruction of the Giant Panda natural habitat has caused reproduction of wild pandas to be severely limited. The Giant Panda mating season usually takes place from mid-March to mid-May. The average gestation period is 135 days. The interval between births in the wild is generally two years. Difficulty in inducing captive pandas to mate threatens their already diminished population. The female’s short fertility cycles and low birth rates make raising captive pandas an uphill battle.
Panda Cub Facts… 熊猫崽纪实
Pandas can become pregnant only once a year in the spring.
Females give birth between 95 and 160 days after mating.
Newborns are blind at birth, weighing only 3 to 5 ounces.
After one week, dark patches appear near the eyes and ears.
Baby pandas’ eyes open when they are about one month old.
The baby remains in the den hidden for over three months.
Giant panda cubs begin to crawl when they are 3-4 months old.
Seven-nine months old, panda cubs begin to eat bamboo shoots.
Giant panda cubs stay with their mothers for up to three years.
Barking calls and scents draw males and females to each other.
They have sharp, strong claws on both their front and back feet.
A female panda may raise successfully only five to eight cubs.
An Endangered Species…濒危物种Endangered species are at risk of becoming extinct due to many factors. Giant panda survival is threatened by habitat loss, low breeding rates and declining population.
Extinct - remaining member of species is presumed to have died.
Extinct in the Wild - Captives survive and natural population has died.
Critically Endangered - An extremely high risk of immediate extinction.
Endangered Species - A very high risk of extinction in the near future.
An Umbrella Species…物种保护伞
Protecting the panda protects the habitat for other wildlife that is overlooked but is critical to the biodiversity of a forest. The temperature of the mountainous regions of China has increased and the panda has moved to a higher altitude with limited space causing the population to decrease.
China Conservation and Research Center… 中国保护研究中心
China has seven Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries that are located high in the mountains of western China's Sichuan Province. The protected temperate forest of is a critical habitat for the survival of the endangered giant panda. Wolong Nature Reserve and The China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda is home to over 6,000 species of plants and animals, and is one of the last protected homes of both the giant and red pandas. Wolong Nature Reserve has a dedicated staff to ensure the survival of the species.
The Sichuan Panda 四川大熊猫
The Sichuan Giant Panda is the familiar black and white bear that lives only in southwest China in a few isolated mountain ranges in the provinces of Sichuan, Shaanxi, and Gansu of south central China.
The Qinling Panda秦岭大熊猫
The Qinling Giant Panda differs from the more familiar variety by its brown fur, and smaller skull. It has a light brown pattern and larger molars. Giant Pandas are distantly related to Red Pandas sharing characteristics from the bear family.
The Red Panda小熊猫
The Red Panda is slightly larger than a domestic cat with semi-retractile claws and, like the Giant Panda, has a "false thumb" which is really an extension of the wrist bone. The Red Panda is classified as an endangered species.
The Clouded Leopard 云豹
The Clouded Leopard is a medium-sized cat and is distinctively marked with large, irregularly shaped, dark-edged ellipses that are said to be shaped like clouds, hence both its common and original scientific name. It is found in southern China and is under the Endangered Species Act.
The Snow Leopard 雪豹
The Snow Leopard is a large cat native to the mountain ranges of central and southern Asia. Well known for its beautiful fur, the Snow Leopard has a soft grey coat with ringed spots and rosettes of black on brown. It is an endangered species whose pelts command a very high price in the fur market.
Giant Pandas in Zoos 熊猫动物园
China offers pandas to other nations on 10-year loans, a practice that has been termed "Panda Diplomacy". American zoos pay fees to the Chinese government as part of what is typically a ten-year contract. A panda costs five times more than the most expensive animal. In 1936 the first giant panda cub was brought back to live at the Brookfield Zoo in Chicago. Giant Pandas can usually live to be 20-30 years old while living in captivity. Zoos typically maintain the pandas' bamboo diet, though some will provide specially formulated diets.
Best places to see pandas in China 在中国看熊猫的好地方
- Beijing Zoo 北京动物园
- Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding 成都大熊猫繁育研究基地
- Wolong National Natural Reserve 卧龙自然保护区
- Ya'an Bifengxia Giant Panda Base 雅安碧峰峡熊猫基地
- Fuzhou Panda World 福州熊猫世界
- Louguan Tai Scientific Research Base of The State Conservation Center for Gene Resources of Endangered Wildlife, Zhejiang University 浙江大学科研基地之楼观台野生动物保护抢救中心
Beijing Zoo 北京动物园
Among the 30 gardens in the Zoo, the Panda Garden is the one of the major attractions. The Chinese government takes the panda's endangered plight very seriously and provides large grants with the hope that this symbol of China can be bought back from the point of near extinction. Pandas here are kept in a comfortable surroundings and well cared. Beijing zoo has a long and productive history with pandas, where giant pandas were first bred by human successfully. There are 8 pandas in Beijing Zoo at the moment, five in-door housing and 3 outdoors.
Wolong National Natural Reserve卧龙自然保护区
The Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuary located in southwest Sichuan province of China, is the home to more than 30% of the world's highly endangered Giant Pandas and is among the most important sites for the captive breeding of these pandas. It covers 9245 squared kilometers with seven nature reserves and nine scenic parks in the Qionglai and Jiajin Mountains.
Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding
The Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding is located only 10 KM from the city center, it intimates the pandas' actual habitat so that they can have a better environment for rearing and breeding. It includes well-developed research center, hospital and museum of giant panda. This is a fantastic place for people to get a close look at this endangered wildlife.
Ya'an Bifengxia Giant Panda Base 雅安碧峰峡大熊猫基地
Ya'an is located in the transitional zone of the edge of the Sichuan Basin and Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, with the suitable natural conditions for the life of giant pandas. In the history, it is the native habitat of giant pandas, and also the world's first discovery place for giant pandas. Bifengxia Giant Panda Breeding Base was built in accordance with international requirements of the tourist products, with a total area of 1,000 acres. It is the largest giant panda protection base in China, and also a large integrated tourism base set with the giant panda breeding research, the wild reintroduction, education and eco-tourism.
Fuzhou Panda World/ Research Center 福州大熊猫世界/研究中心
Located in Fuzhou, the capital city of Fujian Province, Fuzhou Panda Research Center is a key research base for pandas in China, which has been engaged in spreading knowledge about pandas to the public for the past 20 years by organizing various educational activities. And it is also famous for its outstanding breakthroughs in scientific research programs, including the successful cloning of a panda embryo and the detection of some rare diseases of pandas. Besides, a cinema specializing in documentaries of giant pandas, allows the visitors to learn more about the beloved animal.
Pandas live in five zoos in North America: 大熊猫生活在北美的五个动物园
San Diego Zoo in California 加利福尼亚州的圣迭戈动物园
National Zoo in Washington, D.C. 华盛顿特区的国家动物园
Zoo Atlanta in Georgia 。佐治亚州的亚特兰大动物园
Memphis Zoo in Tennessee 田纳西州的孟菲斯动物园
Chapultepec Zoo in Mexico City 墨西哥城的查普尔特佩克动物园
The Smithsonian National Zoo史密森国家动物园
The National Zoo is located in Washington, D.C. The zoo’s Giant Panda Habitat houses the zoo's pair of giant pandas on loan from the Chinese government. The zoo pays an estimated 10 million dollars for the 10-year loan. The exhibit Asia Trail features state of the art exhibits for sloth bears, clouded leopards, red pandas, a Japanese giant salamander and of course, the giant pandas.
Zoo Atlanta 亚特兰大动物园
Zoo Atlanta is a wildlife park and major attraction in Atlanta, Georgia. The 40-acre zoo, features almost 1,000 animals representing 250 species from around the world. Among the Zoo's most notable holdings are three giant pandas, Lun Lun, Yang Yang, and Mei Lan, on loan from China's Chengdu Zoo. The Zoo Atlanta is recognized as one of the finest zoological parks in the nation.
The Memphis Zoo 孟菲斯动物园
The Memphis Zoo is a zoo located in Memphis, Tennessee. It is home to more than 3,500 animals representing over 500 different species. The zoo hosts state-of-the art exhibits that mimic the animals' natural habitats including Northwest Passage and CHINA. It is home to 2 giant pandas, Ya Ya and Le Le.
Chapultepec Zoo 查普尔特佩克动物园
Chapultepec Zoo is located near Mexico City and is popular for its large collection of over 2000 animals from more 200 different species. The Zoo is especially famous for its three female Giant Pandas, Xiu Hua, Shuan Shuan and Xin Xin. It was home to the first giant panda to be born in captivity outside China.
San Diego Zoo 圣迭戈动物园
The world-famous San Diego Zoo in Balboa Park, California is one of the largest, most progressive zoos in the world with over 4,000 animals of more than 800 species. The Zoo raises 40 varieties of bamboo for the pandas on long-term loan from China. It maintains the department of Conservation for Reproduction of Endangered Species and is extremely active in conservation and species-preservation efforts.
Chinese National Emblem 中国国徽
While the Chinese dragon has been historically a national emblem for China, the Giant Panda has also become an informal national emblem for China. The panda image has also become an American icon and its image is used nationwide.
The World Wide Fund for Nature uses a panda logo.
Panda Express uses a panda logo for its American Chinese Restaurant.
Washington, D.C. Metro fare cards incorporate a panda design.
Chinese commemorative coins use multiple panda images.
Large Bear Cat 大熊猫
"Xiongmao" is the Chinese language name for the giant panda translates to "large bear cat". Most bears' eyes have round pupils. Giant pandas have unusual vertical slits like cats' eyes and they have the ability to effortlessly scale trees.
Sleeping Dragon 卧龙
"Wo Long" is the Chinese name for the Qilning Mountain Range meaning “Sleeping Dragon.” It describes the mountains’ silhouette, which resembles the shape of China’s national emblem, the Chinese dragon.
The Wolong Nature Reserve sprawls over some 200,000 hectares and contains about 10% of the world's wild panda population. Local people also live in the preserve. Researchers wanted to know just how well protected the pandas' habitat actually was. To do this, the scientists used remote sensing data and maps to determine what kinds of and how much habitats were located within the reserve. By comparing data collected prior to 1975 to data obtained after 1975 they were able to specifically quantify exactly how much habitat was highly suitable, suitable, marginally suitable, and unsuitable to pandas. By comparing panda habitat before and after the reserve was created, they could see whether panda habitat in the reserve really was well protected.
What they found was startling. Even within this so-called "flagship". protected area, all types of panda habitat declined significantly. Prior to protection, the reserve contained about 14,000 hectares of highly suitable habitat. By 1997, that number had dropped to below 12,000 hectares. What‘s more, the area of unsuitable panda habitat increased from around 118,000 hectares to more than 133,000 hectares.
How is this possible? If an area is protected, then how can habitat quality be degraded? The researchers attribute the deterioration to a population increase of the reserve's human inhabitants. They write, "Local people in the reserve were the direct driving force behind the destruction of the forest and of panda habitat". In 1975, when the reserve was created, there were 2560 people, while in 1995 there were 4260 people. And these people typically work as laborers who farm, collect fuelwood, harvest timber, build roads, and collect Chinese herbal medicines — all activities that can potentially impact forest habitat.
According to the report's authors, the degraded and fragmented habitat in this "flagship". nature reserve is one reason why the number of resident wild pandas declined from 145 in 1974 to 72 in 1986. They suggest that, protecting natural areas to conserve endangered species may not be enough. Without sound understanding of how people interact with the environment, species within supposedly protected areas may still be at risk.
China panda tour
The Giant Panda is 165-353 pounds and between four to five feet long, including a five inch tail. They have poor vision, but their sense of smell is great. Their coat is woolly black and white and is slightly oily to prevent water from getting to their skin. Giant Pandas have a large wrist bones that they use like thumbs to help hold bamboo.
The average Giant Panda eats as much as 20 to 30 pounds of bamboo shoots a day. Bamboo goes in cycles so that it blooms about every 100 years, when this happens pandas can die, because they have nowhere else to go, because they are blocked of by human settlements and cannot eat the flowering bamboo. Bamboo is 99% of the Panda's diet but they eat other plants such as irises and crocuses. Even though they eat bamboo they have the digestive system of a carnivore. They eat 12 to 16 hours each day.
A giant pandas territory ranges from 1.5 square miles 2.5 square miles. Males have bigger ranges then the females. Read more China panda tour
The Panda's scientific name is Ailuropoda Melanoleuca. Giant Pandas are classified as bears by most scientists and until just a little while ago pandas were grouped with raccoons and lesser pandas . Scientists once classified the Giant Panda and the Red Panda as members of the same family but now now they are classified in different families. Giant Pandas
Best places to see pandas in China
- Beijing Zoo
- Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding
- Wolong National Natural Reserve
- Ya'an Bifengxia Giant Panda Base
- Fuzhou Panda World
- Louguan Tai Scientific Research Base of The State Conservation Center for Gene Resources of Endangered Wildlife, Zhejiang University
Wild Giant Panda is a professional web site about wildlife, specializing in wild giant pandas. With over 30 years` experiences in factual safeguarding work, we have taken a great number of high quality photographs about wild giant pandas in Qinling Mountains, Shaanxi province in China, shared with you. Read more China panda tour
XQ-S-012 : 7 days Wild Panda Tracking Tour （7 days Adventure Trekking Photography Tour Looking for the biggest area of Panda in China）
Related Link: Chengdu >>>More Related Tour